Uu No 16 Tahun 2016 Paris Agreement

Indonesia also demonstrated its important global role as host of COP-13 in Bali in 2007, including the development of a Bali Action Plan, which highlighted the important role played by Indonesian forests in the implementation of REDD programs and the resulting Ifca (Indonesia Forest Climate Alliance) study. The Bali Action Plan endorses, among other things, a political approach and positive incentives for REDD in developing countries, which allow solutions for deforestation in developing countries to be reduced, while being able to continue its national development. Presidential Decree 16 of 2015 resulted in the merger of the Ministry of the Environment, the Ministry of Forestry, the National Climate Change Council and the REDD management agency within the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, which was put in place by Regulation 18 of 2015 and will be put into service. The Ministry of Environment and Forestry, through the Director-General for Climate Change Control, is responsible for organizing the formulation and implementation of climate change measures to deliver on Indonesia`s commitment to reducing emissions at national and international levels. The fight against climate change in Indonesia requires a national and international process that is iterative and synergistic. Implementation of the agreement at the international level requires translation in the context of national development, including the implementation of the ratification of the Paris Agreement and the NDC through mitigation and adaptation measures. Transposition in a national context aims to support sustainable development and to emphasize the principle of low-emissions and the maintenance of climate change. The effectiveness of the fight against climate change also depends heavily on its policy and implementation at all levels (international, regional, national and sub-national). The NDC serves as a benchmark for the implementation of climate change commitments, with an emissions reduction plan of 29-41% with international support, the share of emissions in each sector, including: forestry (17.2%), energy (11%), agriculture (0.32%), industry (0.10%) waste (0.38%). In terms of adaptation, Indonesia`s commitment is to improving economic resilience, social resilience and livelihoods, as well as ecosystem resilience and landscaping. As part of these efforts, the NDC has planned climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts as an integrated measure to build resilience to conservation of food, water and energy resources, in line with government commitments and commitments. Indonesia`s commitment and contribution were again demonstrated by the ratification of the Bet Treaty in New York on 22 April 2016.